[ Dietary_Supplement, Nutritional_Supplement ]
A substance consumed with intention of providing [ Nutrient ] A substance that provides nourishment essential to life. Nutrients may either be organic, as in carbohydrates, fats, proteins and vitamins, or inorganic, as in minerals, oxygen and water. They are derived from the environment, typically food, and More that might otherwise be deficient. Typically, they include vitamins, minerals, fiber, [ Fatty_Acid ] A carboxylic acid with a hydrocarbon chain, usually derived from triglycerides or phospholipids. Fats, oils and esters are comprised of fatty acids. In the body, fatty acids function as the building blocks of cell membranes and signalling More, or [ Amino acid ] A simple organic compound containing containing both an amine (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) functional group, along with a side-chain (R group), which is specific to each amino acid. Amino acids are the building blocks of More but may also include [ Enzyme ] A biochemical substance that acts as a catalyst, resulting a specific biochemical reaction. More or [ hormone ] A substance that acts as a signal between organs and tissue to regulate physiology and behaviour. Hormones are secreted directly into the circulatory system by specialised cells in glands and other organs. They regulate metabolic activities, growth More.