[ Monosaccharide, simple sugar ]
A carbohydrate molecule that cannot be further hydrolysed into simpler carbohydrates.

Monosaccharides are the basic building blocks of all carbohydrates. They are sweet-tasting, water-soluable, white, crystalline solids with the typical formula of C6H12O6.

Examples: glucose, fructose, galactose.

Also see:

  • Disaccharide
  • Oligosaccharide
  • Polysaccharide
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